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European Network for integrated TRAINing on Innovation Therapies for VISion RestoratION

enTRAIN Vision is an Innovative Training Network (ITN) aiming to train a new generation of creative, entrepreneurial and innovative early-stage researchers, able to face current and future challenges and to convert knowledge and ideas into products and services for economic and social benefit.

The project

Blindness is the most feared handicap leading to the greatest exclusion from society by reducing patient autonomy and mobility.

There are still an estimated 39 million blind people worldwide. Clinical trials have demonstrated the possibility to regain some useful vision with retinal prostheses in patients having lost photoreceptors. New approaches are entering into clinical trials such as photovoltaic implants, optogenetic therapy and even cortical prostheses for patients having lost eye to brain connection. In the present ENTRAIN-Vision project, the Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) will work on these innovative technologies for restoring vision in blind patients. Their training in academic institutes or industry will be completed by several secondments, including one at an industry partner. In addition, several winter/summer schools will address scientific subjects on vision restoration and transferable skills in technology transfer, clinical trials, start-up creation, communication to media. Lectures will be followed by practice e.g. innovative technologies for assessing brain function.

ENTRAIN VISION will create a unique European network of researchers, clinicians and industrials on visual restoration. This network will provide a comprehensive training across multiple disciplines including neuroscience, vision, psychophysics, genetic, electronic, bio-engineering and computational modelling. It will therefore prepare a new generation of leaders able to carry the new therapeutic strategies from bench to patients. ESRs will encounter founders of start-up and industrial partners enlarging thereby job opportunities to 1) remain in the career path of research & innovation, 2) contribute to clinical trials and/or develop the rehabilitation programs or 3) get involved in product manufacture, distribution and marketing throughout Europe. This project will generate great social and economic benefits in Europe by improving patient autonomy and daily life.


ENTRAIN-Vision brings together leading experts from all key disciplines relevant for visual restoration covering the fields of neuroscience, engineering, physiology, pathology, medicine, AAV production neuroinformatics, machine learning, and computational modeling.

The research programme focuses on the development of new innovative technologies for visual restoration at both the retinal and cortical levels. Innovation is required to generate new technologies allowing greater visual acuity with either electronic prostheses or optogenetic therapy. These technologies will first be assessed on blind rodents by functional measurements including behavioral tests to then evaluated in larger animals preparing thereby the translation to human patients. In this clinical translation, computational modeling will be performed to properly design the stimulation protocols. Finally, clinical endpoints for the validation of such innovative technologies will be defined.

The researche programme is divided in 6 workpackages:

  1. WP1: Visual Restoration by Prosthesis: preclinical validation
  2. WP2: Visual Restoration by chemical and biological photoswitches: preclinical validation
  3. WP3: From natural vision to model for artificial vision
  4. WP4: Visual perception during retinal diseases in animal models and patients
  5. WP5: Training & Dissemination
  6. WP6: Managment

The project enTRAIN Vision

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75012 Paris

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